by: Vera Mae Aquino

                This chapter presents the literature and studies that have been conducted and related to the study. It includes related article, foreign and local study, and local of the study and definition of terms.


Facts and trivia

Here are some interesting and helpful information about water. In 37 percent, the thirst mechanism is so weak that it is often mistaken for hunger. This leads to overeating and weight gain. Drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight. Even MILD dehydration will slow down one’s metabolism as much as three percent. Male potency and female lubrication are reduced by dehydration. One glass of water will shut down midnight hunger pangs for almost 100 percent of the dieters. Lack of water is the number one trigger of daytime fatigue. Preliminary research indicates that 8-10 glasses of water a day could significantly ease back and joint pain for up to 80 percent of sufferers. Drinking 5 glasses of water daily decreases the risk of colon cancer by 45 percent, plus it can slash the risk of breast cancer by 79 percent and one is 50 percent is likely to develop bladder cancer (unknown, 2015).


Soft Drinks and Disease

Soft drinks are the beverage of choice, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic conditions.

People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 can day or more—have a 26% greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who rarely have such drinks. A study that followed 40,000 men for two decades found that those who averaged one can of a sugary beverage per day had a 20% higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed sugary drinks. A related study in women found a similar sugary beverage–heart disease link.  A 22-year-long study of 80,000 women found that those who consumed a can a day of sugary drink had a 75% higher risk of gout than women who rarely had such drinks.  Researchers found a similarly-elevated risk in men. Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, recently made a strong case that there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases (Paula, 2015)



Soft drinks and Diabetes

Strong evidence indicates that sugar-sweetened soft drinks contribute to the development of diabetes. The Nurses’ Health Study explored this connection by following the health of more than 90,000 women for eight years. The nurses who said they had one or more servings a day of a sugar-sweetened soft drink or fruit punch were twice as likely to have developed type 2 diabetes during the study than those who rarely had these beverages ( Paula, 2015).


Staying Hydrated

Throughout the day, you lose about 8 cups of water from your body. If it will not be replace this lost water to the human body, it can lead to dehydration, which presents as thirst, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and dry mouths. Soda does not replace the water that loses by the human body, caffeinated sodas can actually make dehydration worse by increasing urine productions (Nutrifacts, 2015).


Theoretical Framework

Soft drinks are called “soft” because they don’t have any alcohol in them. The most popular types of soft drinks are flavoured water, carbonated water, sweet iced tea, fruit drinks, carbonated soft drinks, diet soft drinks, fruit punch, seltzers and cordials. Soft drinks can be called by many names. The most popular ones are soda, pop, coke, soda pop, fizzy drink and carbonated beverage. Sugary drinks are one of the leading causes of increase in number of bacteria in the mouth. This can cause significant tooth decay.

Because of the health concerns, many governments have placed tight regulations on production, sales, taxation and marketing of soda drinks.

Coca Cola is largest manufacturer of carbonated soda drinks in the world. Their most popular drinks are Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Diet Coke and orange-flavoured soda drink Fanta. The average cola drink has 38 calories per 100 grams. Sweetened drinks are high in kilojoules, which can introduced weight gain and obesity (Myers,2015).

Though water is the easiest and most economical fluid to keep you hydrated, the latest Institute of Medicine recommendation is that women should strive for about two liters or eight glasses a day and men should aim for three liters or 12 glasses a day of any fluid, not just water. “No one can figure out where this ‘eight glasses of water’ came from, but I believe it came from the old RDA [recommended daily allowance] for water that matched water requirements to calorie requirements,” notes Georgia Chavent, MS, RD, director of the Nutrition and Dietetics Program at the University of New Haven in West Haven, Conn. “The new requirement from the Institute of Medicine is much more generous and includes recommendations for total beverage consumption, not just water (Myers and Jones, 2016).


Definition of Terms

                This term are defined in order to operationalize each term. The operationalized of each term assisted in clarifying any uncertainly with regard to the meaning of the following terms in the study.

Water is a calorie free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless.

Soft Drink is loaded with sugar and calories, but does nothing for your health except

effect it negatively.

Benefit is an advantage that has good effect or gained from a certain idea.

Disadvantage makes a situation worse somebody less effective or desirable.







By:Paula a nutritionist

Retrieved last January 30, 2017

Retrieved last January 30, 2017

By Wyatt Myers

Medically Reviewed by Niya Jones, MD, MPH



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