Research Proposal

BY: Bernalecia Benedicto

NUMBER OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS PREFERRING TO DRINK WATER AND SOFTDRINK DURING LUNCH TIME AND RECESS

CHAPTER 1

Introduction

Water is life. Without it, there would be no life on Planet Earth. Without soft drinks, which is toxic to our organs, life would go on, and more people, especially children, would even be healthier. Since the human thirst mechanism is not very reliable, drinking at least 8 glasses a day is a good rule to instances, dehydration has already taken place before the person feels thirsty. Don’t wait for dryness of the mouth, nasal passages, eyes, and any of those symptoms listed above before drinking water. It is best to prevent thirst (Philip Chua, 2013).

According to Chua that if we don’t drink water, a host of problems, in varying proportional degrees, can occur, like fatigue, headaches, irritability, mental dullness, sagging skin, retention of toxic wastes in our body, weight gain, kidney stone formation and urinary tract infection. If dehydration is serve shock and death could ensue.

(Olson, 2015) cited that as soon as soda’s swallowed, the pancreas is notified and rapidly begins to create insulin in response to the sugar.

Soda is loaded with sugar and calories, but negatively. While the sweetness of the carbonated beverage may be enticing, ditch the soda pop and reach for water instead (Paula, 2015).

Statement of the Problem

  1. What are the benefits of soft drink and water to the SCC students and how it affects to their health?
  2. What are the numbers of students who prefer to drinks water and soft drink during recess and lunch time?

 

Objectives of the Study

This study sought to determine:

This study was conducted to determine how many senior high school students preferring to drink water than soft drink or soda, or how many high school students preferring to drink soft drink or soda than water here in SCC. It aimed to:

 

  • Determining the number of SCC senior high school student who prefer to drink soft drink and water.
  • Know what are the benefits of soft drink and water and what are the effects of it.
  • Which product they prefer in drinking soft drinks and water.

Date and Place

School year 2016-2017 from month of November to March, at Southern Christian College (SCC).

 

Significance of the Study

This study will be beneficial to the following:

  1. Students
  2. Teachers
  3. SCC library
  4. Future Researchers

 

Students. This serves as the basis of information about the difference of water and soft drink, and how it affects in terms to their health.

Teachers. They will be able to determine which of the high school students most prefer to drink; the water or the soft drinks.

SCC Library. The school library will also be benefited for compilation purposes and for the references of other researchers.

Future Researchers. Future researchers may also use this work as a reference for future studies.

 

Scope and Limitations

This study focused only in Southern Christian College’s (SCC’s) campus. Specifically in high school department. The respondents of the study will be the high school students in SCC.

Literature Review

This chapter presents the literature and studies that have been conducted and related to the study. It includes related article, foreign and local study, and local of the study and definition of terms

Facts and trivia

This leads to overeating and weight gain. Drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight. Even MILD dehydration will slow down one’s metabolism as much as three percent. Male potency and female lubrication are reduced by dehydration. One glass of water will shut down midnight hunger pangs for almost 100 percent of the dieters.

Lack of water is the number one trigger of daytime fatigue. Preliminary research indicates that 8-10 glasses of water a day could significantly ease back and joint pain for up to 80 percent of sufferers. Drinking 5 glasses of water daily decreases the risk of colon cancer by 45 percent, plus it can slash the risk of breast cancer by 79 percent and one is 50 percent is likely to develop bladder cancer (unknown, 2015).

 

CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

Soft Drinks and Disease

Soft drinks are the beverage of choice, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes,       heart disease, and other chronic conditions. People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 can day or more—have a 26%  greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who rarely have such drinks. A study that followed 40,000 men for two decades found that those who averaged one can of a sugary beverage per day had a 20% higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed sugary drinks.

A related study in women found a similar sugary beverage–heart disease link.  A 22-year-long study of 80,000 women found that those who consumed a can a day of sugary drink had a 75% higher risk of gout than women who rarely had such drinks.  Researchers found a similarly-elevated risk in men. Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, recently made a strong case that there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases (Paula, 2015).

 

Soft drinks and Diabetes

Strong evidence indicates that sugar-sweetened soft drinks contribute to the development of diabetes. The Nurses’ Health Study explored this connection by following the health of more than 90,000 women for eight years. The nurses who said they had one or more servings a day of a sugar-sweetened soft drink or fruit punch were twice as likely to have developed type 2 diabetes during the study than those who rarely had these beverages ( Paula, 2015).

 

Staying Hydrated

Throughout the day, you lose about 8 cups of water from your body. If it will not be replace this lost water to the human body, it can lead to dehydration, which presents as thirst, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and dry mouths. Soda does not replace the water that loses by the human body, caffeinated sodas can actually make dehydration worse by increasing urine productions (Nutrifacts, 2015).

 

Definition of Terms

Water is a calorie free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless.

Soft Drink is loaded with sugar and calories, but does nothing for your health except, Effect it negatively.

Benefit is an advantage that has good effect or gained from a certain idea.

Disadvantage makes a situation worse somebody less effective or desirable.

 

CHAPTER 3

METHODOLOGY

Research Design

This study is a quantitative research. Researcher will be used convenience sampling to gather the data taken from Senior High School students of Southern Christian College who prefer drink water and soft drink.

Locale of the Study

Conducted inside the campus premises at Southern Christian College (SCC). Particularly in Senior High School department. Taking 100 respondents in random sampling.

Respondents of the Study

The respondents of this study will compose of 100 students from the Senior High School Department at Southern Christian College, officially choosing the students which prefer to drink water or soft drink.

 

Research Instrument

Researcher made survey questionnaire.

 

Data Collecting Procedures

Data gathering of the study, a letter of permission to conduct. This survey will be approve by the research and will be send to the Senior High School Principal for the approval, to administer the survey questionnaire, the survey questionnaire will personally administer by the researcher to the respondents.

 

 

Work Schedule

Activities November December January February March
Concept and Instrument Development
Proposal Defense

 

Data Collection

 

 

Data analysis

 

 

Final Defense

 

 

 

 

 

 

Budgetary Requirements

Expenditures Second Semester

(2016-2017)

Printing of materials P 200.00
Plastic folder P 24.00
Fare and meals during the gathering of data P 200.00
Total Php. 424.00

 

Research Proposal

by: Vera Mae Aquino

NUMBER OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS PREFERRING TO DRINK WATER AND SOFTDRINK DURING LUNCH TIME AND RECESS

CHAPTER 1

Introduction

Water is life. Without it, there would be no life on Planet Earth. Without soft drinks, which is toxic to our organs, life would go on, and more people, especially children, would even be healthier. Since the human thirst mechanism is not very reliable, drinking at least 8 glasses a day is a good rule to instances, dehydration has already taken place before the person feels thirsty. Don’t wait for dryness of the mouth, nasal passages, eyes, and any of those symptoms listed above before drinking water. It is best to prevent thirst (Philip Chua, 2013).

According to Chua that if we don’t drink water, a host of problems, in varying proportional degrees, can occur, like fatigue, headaches, irritability, mental dullness, sagging skin, retention of toxic wastes in our body, weight gain, kidney stone formation and urinary tract infection. If dehydration is serve shock and death could ensue.

(Olson, 2015) cited that as soon as soda’s swallowed, the pancreas is notified and rapidly begins to create insulin in response to the sugar.

Soda is loaded with sugar and calories, but negatively. While the sweetness of the carbonated beverage may be enticing, ditch the soda pop and reach for water instead (Paula, 2015).

Statement of the Problem

  1. What are the benefits of soft drink and water to the SCC students and how it affects to their health?
  2. What are the numbers of students who prefer to drinks water and soft drink during recess and lunch time?

 

Objectives of the Study

This study sought to determine:

This study was conducted to determine how many senior high school students preferring to drink water than soft drink or soda, or how many high school students preferring to drink soft drink or soda than water here in SCC. It aimed to:

 

  • Determining the number of SCC senior high school student who prefer to drink soft drink and water.
  • Know what are the benefits of soft drink and water and what are the effects of it.
  • Which product they prefer in drinking soft drinks and water.

 

 

 

Date and Place

School year 2016-2017 from month of November to March, at Southern Christian College (SCC).

 

 

Significance of the Study

This study will be beneficial to the following:

  1. Students
  2. Teachers
  3. SCC library
  4. Future Researchers

 

Students. This serves as the basis of information about the difference of water and soft drink, and how it affects in terms to their health.

Teachers. They will be able to determine which of the high school students most prefer to drink; the water or the soft drinks.

SCC Library. The school library will also be benefited for compilation purposes and for the references of other researchers.

Future Researchers. Future researchers may also use this work as a reference for future studies.

 

Scope and Limitations

This study focused only in Southern Christian College’s (SCC’s) campus. Specifically in high school department. The respondents of the study will be the high school students in SCC.

Literature Review

This chapter presents the literature and studies that have been conducted and related to the study. It includes related article, foreign and local study, and local of the study and definition of terms

Facts and trivia

This leads to overeating and weight gain. Drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight. Even MILD dehydration will slow down one’s metabolism as much as three percent. Male potency and female lubrication are reduced by dehydration. One glass of water will shut down midnight hunger pangs for almost 100 percent of the dieters.

Lack of water is the number one trigger of daytime fatigue. Preliminary research indicates that 8-10 glasses of water a day could significantly ease back and joint pain for up to 80 percent of sufferers. Drinking 5 glasses of water daily decreases the risk of colon cancer by 45 percent, plus it can slash the risk of breast cancer by 79 percent and one is 50 percent is likely to develop bladder cancer (unknown, 2015).

 

CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

Soft Drinks and Disease

 

Soft drinks are the beverage of choice, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes,       heart disease, and other chronic conditions. People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 can day or more—have a 26%  greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who rarely have such drinks. A study that followed 40,000 men for two decades found that those who averaged one can of a sugary beverage per day had a 20% higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed sugary drinks.

A related study in women found a similar sugary beverage–heart disease link.  A 22-year-long study of 80,000 women found that those who consumed a can a day of sugary drink had a 75% higher risk of gout than women who rarely had such drinks.  Researchers found a similarly-elevated risk in men. Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, recently made a strong case that there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases (Paula, 2015).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soft drinks and Diabetes

Strong evidence indicates that sugar-sweetened soft drinks contribute to the development of diabetes. The Nurses’ Health Study explored this connection by following the health of more than 90,000 women for eight years. The nurses who said they had one or more servings a day of a sugar-sweetened soft drink or fruit punch were twice as likely to have developed type 2 diabetes during the study than those who rarely had these beverages ( Paula, 2015).

Staying Hydrated

 

 

Throughout the day, you lose about 8 cups of water from your body. If it will not be replace this lost water to the human body, it can lead to dehydration, which presents as thirst, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and dry mouths. Soda does not replace the water that loses by the human body, caffeinated sodas can actually make dehydration worse by increasing urine productions (Nutrifacts, 2015).

 

Definition of Terms

Water is a calorie free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless.

Soft Drink is loaded with sugar and calories, but does nothing for your health except, Effect it negatively.

Benefit is an advantage that has good effect or gained from a certain idea.

Disadvantage makes a situation worse somebody less effective or desirable.

 

CHAPTER 3

METHODOLOGY

Research Design

This study is a quantitative research. Researcher will be used convenience sampling to gather the data taken from Senior High School students of Southern Christian College who prefer drink water and soft drink.

Locale of the Study

Conducted inside the campus premises at Southern Christian College (SCC). Particularly in Senior High School department. Taking 100 respondents in random sampling.

Respondents of the Study

The respondents of this study will compose of 100 students from the Senior High School Department at Southern Christian College, officially choosing the students which prefer to drink water or soft drink.

 

Research Instrument

Researcher made survey questionnaire.

 

Data Collecting Procedures

Data gathering of the study, a letter of permission to conduct. This survey will be approve by the research and will be send to the Senior High School Principal for the approval, to administer the survey questionnaire, the survey questionnaire will personally administer by the researcher to the respondents.

 

 

Work Schedule

Activities November December January February March
Concept and Instrument Development          
Proposal Defense

 

       
Data Collection

 

         
 

Data analysis

 

       
 

Final Defense

 

       

 

 

 

 

 

Budgetary Requirements

Expenditures Second Semester

(2016-2017)

Printing of materials P 200.00
Plastic folder P 24.00
Fare and meals during the gathering of data P 200.00
Total Php. 424.00

 

Research Report

by:Bernalecia Benedicto

NUMBER OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS PREFERRING TO DRINK WATER AND SOFT DRINKS DURING LUNCH AND RECESS TIME

 

 

 

 

AN-AN S. ADAM

MARJORIE AGUALA

VERA MAE D. AQUINO

HONEY REY P. BACLIG

DIANE KIESHA P. ABELO

FERNANDO S.VERGONIA

KRISHA PEARL G. ABELLO

BERNA LESHA BENEDICTO

 

 

Abstract

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

Nature and Background of the Study

 

 

Water is life. Without it, there would be no life on Planet Earth. Without soft drinks, which is toxic to our organs, life would go on, and more people, especially children, would even be healthier. Since the human thirst mechanism is not very reliable (most often thirst is mistaken by our brain for hunger), drinking at least 8 glasses a day is a good rule to instances, dehydration has already taken place before the person feels thirsty. Don’t wait for dryness of the mouth, nasal passages, eyes, and any of those symptoms listed above before drinking water. It is best to preempt thirst (Philip Chua, 2013).

According to Chua that if we don’t drink water, a host of problems, in varying proportional degrees, can occur, like fatigue, headaches, irritability, mental dullness, sagging skin, retention of toxic wastes in our body, weight gain, kidney stone formation and urinary tract infection. If dehydration is serve shock and death could ensue.

(Olson, 2015) cited that as soon as soda’s swallowed, the pancreas is notified and rapidly begins to create insulin in response to the sugar. Insulin is a hormone that the body uses to move sugar from food or drink into the bloodstream, where cells are then able to use sugar for energy. Within just 20 minutes, blood sugar levels spike and their lives respond to the insulin by turning sugar into fat for storage. Within 45 minutes of gulping down a single 20-ounce glass of soda, caffeine from the drink is fully absorbed, and as a result your pupils dilate and blood pressure rises. The body produces more dopamine which is stimulates the pleasure centers of the brain—just like a low- grade line of cocaine. When the hours chimes, the body begins to experience a blood sugar crash, which is around the same time a person reaches for their second soda, or for another sweet and sugar snacked to suffice. Soda’s connection the obesity epidemic is so intertwined, Harvard researchers have calculated each additional soda consumed increases the risk of obesity 1.6 times.

There’s a reason nutrition experts recommend drinking at least 8 glasses of water per day while limiting soda – or better yet, avoiding it altogether. Water is calorie-free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless. Soda is loaded with sugar and calories, but negatively. While the sweetness of the carbonated beverage may be enticing, ditch the soda pop and reach for water instead (Paula, 2015).

 

 

Statement of the Problem

 

 

This study focus on the high school students in Southern Christian College.

This was conducted to seek answers to the following:

  1. What will be the result/effect of soft drink to the student of SCC?
  2. What are the benefits of soft drink and water to the SCC students and how it affect to their health?
  3. What are the numbers of students who prefer to drinks water and soft drink during recess and lunch time?

 

Objectives of the Study

 

 

This study was conducted to determine how many high school students preferring to drink water than soft drink or soda, or how many high school students preferring to drink soft drink or soda than water here in SCC.

It aimed to:

  1. Determining the number of SCC high school student who prefer to drink soft drink and water.
  2. Know what are the benefits of soft drink and water and what are the effects of it.
  3. Which product they prefer in drinking water and soft drinks.

 

Theoretical Framework

Soft drinks are called “soft” because they don’t have any alcohol in them. The most popular types of soft drinks are flavoured water, carbonated water, sweet iced tea, fruit drinks, carbonated soft drinks, diet soft drinks, fruit punch, seltzers and cordials. Soft drinks can be called by many names. The most popular ones are soda, pop, coke, soda pop, fizzy drink and carbonated beverage. Sugary drinks are one of the leading causes of increase in number of bacteria in the mouth. This can cause significant tooth decay.

Because of the health concerns, many governments have placed tight regulations on production, sales, taxation and marketing of soda drinks.

Coca Cola is largest manufacturer of carbonated soda drinks in the world. Their most popular drinks are Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Diet Coke and orange-flavoured soda drink Fanta. The average cola drink has 38 calories per 100 grams. Sweetened drinks are high in kilojoules, which can introduced weight gain and obesity (Myers,2015).

Though water is the easiest and most economical fluid to keep you hydrated, the latest Institute of Medicine recommendation is that women should strive for about two liters or eight glasses a day and men should aim for three liters or 12 glasses a day of any fluid, not just water. “No one can figure out where this ‘eight glasses of water’ came from, but I believe it came from the old RDA [recommended daily allowance] for water that matched water requirements to calorie requirements,” notes Georgia Chavent, MS, RD, director of the Nutrition and Dietetics Program at the University of New Haven in West Haven, Conn. “The new requirement from the Institute of Medicine is much more generous and includes recommendations for total beverage consumption, not just water (Myers and Jones, 2016).

Significance of the Study

 

 

The result of this study may be useful to the following:

Students. This serves as the basis of information about the difference of water and soft drink, and how it affects in terms to their health.

Teachers. They will be able to determine which of the high school students most prefer to drink; the water or the soft drinks.

SCC Library. The school library will also be benefited for compilation purposes and for the references of other researchers.

Future Researchers. Future researchers may also use this work as a reference for future studies.

 

 

 

 

Scope and Limitations

 

 

This study focused only in Southern Christian College’s (SCC’s) campus. Specifically in high school department. The respondents of the study will be the high school students in SCC.

 

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

                This chapter presents the literature and studies that have been conducted and related to the study. It includes related article, foreign and local study, and local of the study and definition of terms.

Facts and trivia

 

 

Here are some interesting and helpful information about water. In 37 percent, the thirst mechanism is so weak that it is often mistaken for hunger. This leads to overeating and weight gain. Drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight. Even MILD dehydration will slow down one’s metabolism as much as three percent. Male potency and female lubrication are reduced by dehydration. One glass of water will shut down midnight hunger pangs for almost 100 percent of the dieters. Lack of water is the number one trigger of daytime fatigue. Preliminary research indicates that 8-10 glasses of water a day could significantly ease back and joint pain for up to 80 percent of sufferers. Drinking 5 glasses of water daily decreases the risk of colon cancer by 45 percent, plus it can slash the risk of breast cancer by 79 percent and one is 50 percent is likely to develop bladder cancer (unknown, 2015).

 

Soft Drinks and Disease

 

 

Soft drinks are the beverage of choice, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic conditions.

People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 can day or more—have a 26% greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who rarely have such drinks. A study that followed 40,000 men for two decades found that those who averaged one can of a sugary beverage per day had a 20% higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed sugary drinks. A related study in women found a similar sugary beverage–heart disease link.  A 22-year-long study of 80,000 women found that those who consumed a can a day of sugary drink had a 75% higher risk of gout than women who rarely had such drinks.  Researchers found a similarly-elevated risk in men. Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, recently made a strong case that there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases (Paula, 2015)

 

 

Soft drinks and Diabetes

 

 

Strong evidence indicates that sugar-sweetened soft drinks contribute to the development of diabetes. The Nurses’ Health Study explored this connection by following the health of more than 90,000 women for eight years. The nurses who said they had one or more servings a day of a sugar-sweetened soft drink or fruit punch were twice as likely to have developed type 2 diabetes during the study than those who rarely had these beverages ( Paula, 2015).

 

Staying Hydrated

 

 

Throughout the day, you lose about 8 cups of water from your body. If it will not be replace this lost water to the human body, it can lead to dehydration, which presents as thirst, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and dry mouths. Soda does not replace the water that loses by the human body, caffeinated sodas can actually make dehydration worse by increasing urine productions (Nutrifacts, 2015).

 

Definition of Terms

 

 

                This term are defined in order to operationalize each term. The operationalized of each term assisted in clarifying any uncertainly with regard to the meaning of the following terms in the study.

Water is a calorie free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless.

Soft Drink is loaded with sugar and calories, but does nothing for your health except

effect it negatively.

Benefit is an advantage that has good effect or gained from a certain idea.

Disadvantage makes a situation worse somebody less effective or desirable.

 

 

 

METHODOLOGY

 

 

Research Design

 

 

                This study is a quantitative research. Researcher will be used convenience sampling to gather the data taken from Senior High School students of Southern Christian College who prefer drink water and soft drink.

 

 

Local of the Study

The study will be conducted inside the campus premises at Southern Christian College (SCC). Particularly in Senior High School department. Taking 100 respondents in this study.

 

Respondents of the Study

 

 

                The respondents of this study will compose of 100 students from the Senior High School Department at Southern Christian College, officially choosing the students which prefer to drink water or soft drink.

 

 

Research Instruments

 

 

                The main research tool will employ in this study is a survey questionnaire to gather data and collect information from the respondents.

Data Collecting Procedures

 

 

                Data gathering of the study, a letter of permission to conduct. This survey will be approve by the research and will be send to the Senior High School Principal for the approval, to administer the survey questionnaire, the survey questionnaire will personally administer by the researcher to the respondents.

 

 

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

 

 

 

This chapter deals with the presentation, analysis and interpretation of the data collected from the Grade eleven senior high school students of Southern Christian College during the school year 2016-2017. The data are shown in tabular and descriptive form.

 

 

Data of Respondents

 

 

Figure 1 shows the frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents in whom prefer to drink water and soft drinks. The orange color is represents the 100 student’s percentage who prefer to drink soft drinks during lunch. It has 30% out of 100 % prefer to drink soft drinks. On the other hand, the blue color represent the percentage of the 100 respondents who prefer to drink water. Out of 100 percent of respondents of the senior high school; there is 70% of respondents who prefer to drink water. In total of 100% of respondents. This pie graph shows that the research study is that the respondents is more preferring to drink water rather than soft drinks during lunch time.

.

 

Figure 1. Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents in terms of choice.

Choices

 

 

Figure 2 shows the frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents which prefer to drink water and soft drinks, and what type or brand of water and soft drinks that they consume during lunch time. The waters are: Absolute water which takes 8 out of 100 respondents, Nature’s spring water which takes 30 respondents, Mineral drinking water which also takes 26 respondents, and lastly the Aqua star water which also gets 6 respondents in Southern Christian College’s eating area. In total of 70 out of 100 respondents. The most demand water is the Nature’s spring water, followed by the Mineral drinking water, then the Absolute drinking water, and the last is the Aqua star.

 

The next demand drinking in SCC is no other than but soft drinks. There are a lot of soft drinks in Southern Christian College; including the Pepsi, Royal, Coke and 7 up. Pepsi takes 14 out of 100 respondents, Royal takes 2 respondents, Coke takes 12 respondents and then the 7 up takes 2 respondents. In total of 30 out of 100 respondents.

In general there are 100 respondents that taken from the Senior High school in Southern Christian College. 70 for water and 30 for soft drinks; in the total of 100 respondents. The most demand soft drinks in the Southern Christian College is the Pepsi, second is the Coke and followed by the Royal and 7 up which had had  the same respondents taken.

 

 

Figure 2. Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents in terms of choices

 

 

Conclusion

This study determined the numbers of the students which and how many respondents that choose water and soft drinks as their drinks during lunch time in Southern Christian College, Midsayap, Cotabato in school year 2016-2017.

 

The result in terms of demographic profile of the respondents indicate that most of them preferred to drink water in an in a number of 70 respondents. The soft drinks takes only 30 of the respondents. In total of 100 respondents.

 

The findings shows that the factors why they choose water as their main drink is that it can make them relax, comfortable, become full and digest food easier as what the respondents answer in the survey given. On the other hand they some of the respondents choose soft drinks as their main drink is that the reasons is that  it makes them comfortable, digest food easier, become full and relax based on the survey given to respondents

 

Water is the source of life. 70% of respondents choose water as their best drink during lunch time. Some of the respondents says that water makes them comfortable.  On the other hand, there is still 30% of respondents in Senior High school department that prefer to drink soft drinks. As what the survey tells that soft drinks makes them feel comfortable, relax and digest food easier.

 

On the other hand, drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight and it also can be great habit to every students who are studying and it helps to improve healthy body and minds according to this research. Suddenly, the thirst of a person was been laying now to the soft drinks, which can cause more diseases instead of making them comfortable.

 

 

RECOMMENDATIONS

On the basis of the findings and conclusions of this study, the researchers recommend the following:

 

  1. To the future researchers with similar study, they must conduct it in bigger number of respondents.

 

  1. To the future researchers to conduct a qualitative study on the Preferred Pastime of Junior High School students.

 

  1. To the respondents they should be aware of the effects of soft drink to the human body and also if dehydrated.

 

 

 

LITERATURE CITED

By:Paula a nutritionist

http://woman.thenest.com./health-benefits-soda-carbonated-water-3526.html

Retrieved last January 30, 2017

https://www.google.com.ph/searchclient=ms-browser-type&ei=AQ&qeffects-of-water-fun-facts_about-water=mobile-gws-serp

Retrieved last January 30, 2017

By Wyatt Myers

Medically Reviewed by Niya Jones, MD, MPH

http://www.everydayhealth.com/diet-nutrition/10-myths-and-facts-about-water.aspx

 

Research Report

By: Vera Mae Aquino

NUMBER OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS PREFERRING TO DRINK WATER AND SOFT DRINKS DURING LUNCH AND RECESS TIME

 

AN-AN S. ADAM

MARJORIE AGUALA

VERA MAE D. AQUINO

HONEY REY P. BACLIG

DIANE KIESHA P. ABELO

FERNANDO S.VERGONIA

KRISHA PEARL G. ABELLO

BERNA LESHA BENEDICTO

 

INTRODUCTION

Abstract.Water is life. Without it, there would be no life on Planet Earth. Without soft drinks, which is toxic to our organs, life would go on, and more people, especially children, would even be healthier. Since the human thirst mechanism is not very reliable (most often thirst is mistaken by our brain for hunger), drinking at least 8 glasses a day is a good rule to instances, dehydration has already taken place before the person feels thirsty. Don’t wait for dryness of the mouth, nasal passages, eyes, and any of those symptoms listed above before drinking water. It is best to preempt thirst (Philip Chua, 2013).

According to Chua that if we don’t drink water, a host of problems, in varying proportional degrees, can occur, like fatigue, headaches, irritability, mental dullness, sagging skin, retention of toxic wastes in our body, weight gain, kidney stone formation and urinary tract infection. If dehydration is serve shock and death could ensue.

(Olson, 2015) cited that as soon as soda’s swallowed, the pancreas is notified and rapidly begins to create insulin in response to the sugar. Insulin is a hormone that the body uses to move sugar from food or drink into the bloodstream, where cells are then able to use sugar for energy. Within just 20 minutes, blood sugar levels spike and their lives respond to the insulin by turning sugar into fat for storage. Within 45 minutes of gulping down a single 20-ounce glass of soda, caffeine from the drink is fully absorbed, and as a result your pupils dilate and blood pressure rises. The body produces more dopamine which is stimulates the pleasure centers of the brain—just like a low- grade line of cocaine. When the hours chimes, the body begins to experience a blood sugar crash, which is around the same time a person reaches for their second soda, or for another sweet and sugar snacked to suffice. Soda’s connection the obesity epidemic is so intertwined, Harvard researchers have calculated each additional soda consumed increases the risk of obesity 1.6 times.

There’s a reason nutrition experts recommend drinking at least 8 glasses of water per day while limiting soda – or better yet, avoiding it altogether. Water is calorie-free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless. Soda is loaded with sugar and calories, but negatively. While the sweetness of the carbonated beverage may be enticing, ditch the soda pop and reach for water instead (Paula, 2015).

 

 

Statement of the Problem

 

 

This study focus on the high school students in Southern Christian College.

This was conducted to seek answers to the following:

  1. What will be the result/effect of soft drink to the student of SCC?
  2. What are the benefits of soft drink and water to the SCC students and how it affect to their health?
  3. What are the numbers of students who prefer to drinks water and soft drink during recess and lunch time?

 

Objectives of the Study

 

 

This study was conducted to determine how many high school students preferring to drink water than soft drink or soda, or how many high school students preferring to drink soft drink or soda than water here in SCC.

It aimed to:

  1. Determining the number of SCC high school student who prefer to drink soft drink and water.
  2. Know what are the benefits of soft drink and water and what are the effects of it.
  3. Which product they prefer in drinking water and soft drinks.

 

Theoretical Framework

Soft drinks are called “soft” because they don’t have any alcohol in them. The most popular types of soft drinks are flavoured water, carbonated water, sweet iced tea, fruit drinks, carbonated soft drinks, diet soft drinks, fruit punch, seltzers and cordials. Soft drinks can be called by many names. The most popular ones are soda, pop, coke, soda pop, fizzy drink and carbonated beverage. Sugary drinks are one of the leading causes of increase in number of bacteria in the mouth. This can cause significant tooth decay.

Because of the health concerns, many governments have placed tight regulations on production, sales, taxation and marketing of soda drinks.

Coca Cola is largest manufacturer of carbonated soda drinks in the world. Their most popular drinks are Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Diet Coke and orange-flavoured soda drink Fanta. The average cola drink has 38 calories per 100 grams. Sweetened drinks are high in kilojoules, which can introduced weight gain and obesity (Myers,2015).

Though water is the easiest and most economical fluid to keep you hydrated, the latest Institute of Medicine recommendation is that women should strive for about two liters or eight glasses a day and men should aim for three liters or 12 glasses a day of any fluid, not just water. “No one can figure out where this ‘eight glasses of water’ came from, but I believe it came from the old RDA [recommended daily allowance] for water that matched water requirements to calorie requirements,” notes Georgia Chavent, MS, RD, director of the Nutrition and Dietetics Program at the University of New Haven in West Haven, Conn. “The new requirement from the Institute of Medicine is much more generous and includes recommendations for total beverage consumption, not just water (Myers and Jones, 2016).

Significance of the Study

 

 

The result of this study may be useful to the following:

Students. This serves as the basis of information about the difference of water and soft drink, and how it affects in terms to their health.

Teachers. They will be able to determine which of the high school students most prefer to drink; the water or the soft drinks.

SCC Library. The school library will also be benefited for compilation purposes and for the references of other researchers.

Future Researchers. Future researchers may also use this work as a reference for future studies.

 

 

 

 

Scope and Limitations

 

 

This study focused only in Southern Christian College’s (SCC’s) campus. Specifically in high school department. The respondents of the study will be the high school students in SCC.

 

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

                This chapter presents the literature and studies that have been conducted and related to the study. It includes related article, foreign and local study, and local of the study and definition of terms.

Facts and trivia

 

 

Here are some interesting and helpful information about water. In 37 percent, the thirst mechanism is so weak that it is often mistaken for hunger. This leads to overeating and weight gain. Drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight. Even MILD dehydration will slow down one’s metabolism as much as three percent. Male potency and female lubrication are reduced by dehydration. One glass of water will shut down midnight hunger pangs for almost 100 percent of the dieters. Lack of water is the number one trigger of daytime fatigue. Preliminary research indicates that 8-10 glasses of water a day could significantly ease back and joint pain for up to 80 percent of sufferers. Drinking 5 glasses of water daily decreases the risk of colon cancer by 45 percent, plus it can slash the risk of breast cancer by 79 percent and one is 50 percent is likely to develop bladder cancer (unknown, 2015).

 

Soft Drinks and Disease

 

 

Soft drinks are the beverage of choice, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic conditions.

People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 can day or more—have a 26% greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who rarely have such drinks. A study that followed 40,000 men for two decades found that those who averaged one can of a sugary beverage per day had a 20% higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed sugary drinks. A related study in women found a similar sugary beverage–heart disease link.  A 22-year-long study of 80,000 women found that those who consumed a can a day of sugary drink had a 75% higher risk of gout than women who rarely had such drinks.  Researchers found a similarly-elevated risk in men. Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, recently made a strong case that there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases (Paula, 2015)

 

 

Soft drinks and Diabetes

 

 

Strong evidence indicates that sugar-sweetened soft drinks contribute to the development of diabetes. The Nurses’ Health Study explored this connection by following the health of more than 90,000 women for eight years. The nurses who said they had one or more servings a day of a sugar-sweetened soft drink or fruit punch were twice as likely to have developed type 2 diabetes during the study than those who rarely had these beverages ( Paula, 2015).

 

Staying Hydrated

 

 

Throughout the day, you lose about 8 cups of water from your body. If it will not be replace this lost water to the human body, it can lead to dehydration, which presents as thirst, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and dry mouths. Soda does not replace the water that loses by the human body, caffeinated sodas can actually make dehydration worse by increasing urine productions (Nutrifacts, 2015).

 

Definition of Terms

 

 

                This term are defined in order to operationalize each term. The operationalized of each term assisted in clarifying any uncertainly with regard to the meaning of the following terms in the study.

Water is a calorie free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless.

Soft Drink is loaded with sugar and calories, but does nothing for your health except

effect it negatively.

Benefit is an advantage that has good effect or gained from a certain idea.

Disadvantage makes a situation worse somebody less effective or desirable.

 

 

 

METHODOLOGY

 

 

Research Design

 

 

                This study is a quantitative research. Researcher will be used convenience sampling to gather the data taken from Senior High School students of Southern Christian College who prefer drink water and soft drink.

 

 

Local of the Study

The study will be conducted inside the campus premises at Southern Christian College (SCC). Particularly in Senior High School department. Taking 100 respondents in this study.

 

Respondents of the Study

 

 

                The respondents of this study will compose of 100 students from the Senior High School Department at Southern Christian College, officially choosing the students which prefer to drink water or soft drink.

 

 

Research Instruments

 

 

                The main research tool will employ in this study is a survey questionnaire to gather data and collect information from the respondents.

Data Collecting Procedures

 

 

                Data gathering of the study, a letter of permission to conduct. This survey will be approve by the research and will be send to the Senior High School Principal for the approval, to administer the survey questionnaire, the survey questionnaire will personally administer by the researcher to the respondents.

 

 

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

 

 

 

This chapter deals with the presentation, analysis and interpretation of the data collected from the Grade eleven senior high school students of Southern Christian College during the school year 2016-2017. The data are shown in tabular and descriptive form.

 

 

Data of Respondents

 

 

Figure 1 shows the frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents in whom prefer to drink water and soft drinks. The orange color is represents the 100 student’s percentage who prefer to drink soft drinks during lunch. It has 30% out of 100 % prefer to drink soft drinks. On the other hand, the blue color represent the percentage of the 100 respondents who prefer to drink water. Out of 100 percent of respondents of the senior high school; there is 70% of respondents who prefer to drink water. In total of 100% of respondents. This pie graph shows that the research study is that the respondents is more preferring to drink water rather than soft drinks during lunch time.

.

 

Figure 1. Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents in terms of choice.

Choices

 

 

Figure 2 shows the frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents which prefer to drink water and soft drinks, and what type or brand of water and soft drinks that they consume during lunch time. The waters are: Absolute water which takes 8 out of 100 respondents, Nature’s spring water which takes 30 respondents, Mineral drinking water which also takes 26 respondents, and lastly the Aqua star water which also gets 6 respondents in Southern Christian College’s eating area. In total of 70 out of 100 respondents. The most demand water is the Nature’s spring water, followed by the Mineral drinking water, then the Absolute drinking water, and the last is the Aqua star.

 

The next demand drinking in SCC is no other than but soft drinks. There are a lot of soft drinks in Southern Christian College; including the Pepsi, Royal, Coke and 7 up. Pepsi takes 14 out of 100 respondents, Royal takes 2 respondents, Coke takes 12 respondents and then the 7 up takes 2 respondents. In total of 30 out of 100 respondents.

In general there are 100 respondents that taken from the Senior High school in Southern Christian College. 70 for water and 30 for soft drinks; in the total of 100 respondents. The most demand soft drinks in the Southern Christian College is the Pepsi, second is the Coke and followed by the Royal and 7 up which had had  the same respondents taken.

 

 

Figure 2. Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents in terms of choices

 

 

Conclusion

This study determined the numbers of the students which and how many respondents that choose water and soft drinks as their drinks during lunch time in Southern Christian College, Midsayap, Cotabato in school year 2016-2017.

 

The result in terms of demographic profile of the respondents indicate that most of them preferred to drink water in an in a number of 70 respondents. The soft drinks takes only 30 of the respondents. In total of 100 respondents.

 

The findings shows that the factors why they choose water as their main drink is that it can make them relax, comfortable, become full and digest food easier as what the respondents answer in the survey given. On the other hand they some of the respondents choose soft drinks as their main drink is that the reasons is that  it makes them comfortable, digest food easier, become full and relax based on the survey given to respondents

 

Water is the source of life. 70% of respondents choose water as their best drink during lunch time. Some of the respondents says that water makes them comfortable.  On the other hand, there is still 30% of respondents in Senior High school department that prefer to drink soft drinks. As what the survey tells that soft drinks makes them feel comfortable, relax and digest food easier.

 

On the other hand, drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight and it also can be great habit to every students who are studying and it helps to improve healthy body and minds according to this research. Suddenly, the thirst of a person was been laying now to the soft drinks, which can cause more diseases instead of making them comfortable.

 

 

RECOMMENDATIONS

On the basis of the findings and conclusions of this study, the researchers recommend the following:

 

  1. To the future researchers with similar study, they must conduct it in bigger number of respondents.

 

  1. To the future researchers to conduct a qualitative study on the Preferred Pastime of Junior High School students.

 

  1. To the respondents they should be aware of the effects of soft drink to the human body and also if dehydrated.

 

 

 

LITERATURE CITED

By:Paula a nutritionist

http://woman.thenest.com./health-benefits-soda-carbonated-water-3526.html

Retrieved last January 30, 2017

https://www.google.com.ph/searchclient=ms-browser-type&ei=AQ&qeffects-of-water-fun-facts_about-water=mobile-gws-serp

Retrieved last January 30, 2017

By Wyatt Myers

Medically Reviewed by Niya Jones, MD, MPH

http://www.everydayhealth.com/diet-nutrition/10-myths-and-facts-about-water.aspx

 

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

by: Bernalecia Benedicto
CHAPTER 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

                This chapter presents the literature and studies that have been conducted and related to the study. It includes related article, foreign and local study, and local of the study and definition of terms.

Facts and trivia

Here are some interesting and helpful information about water. In 37 percent, the thirst mechanism is so weak that it is often mistaken for hunger. This leads to overeating and weight gain. Drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight. Even MILD dehydration will slow down one’s metabolism as much as three percent. Male potency and female lubrication are reduced by dehydration. One glass of water will shut down midnight hunger pangs for almost 100 percent of the dieters. Lack of water is the number one trigger of daytime fatigue. Preliminary research indicates that 8-10 glasses of water a day could significantly ease back and joint pain for up to 80 percent of sufferers. Drinking 5 glasses of water daily decreases the risk of colon cancer by 45 percent, plus it can slash the risk of breast cancer by 79 percent and one is 50 percent is likely to develop bladder cancer (unknown, 2015).

Soft Drinks and Disease

Soft drinks are the beverage of choice, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic conditions.

People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 can day or more—have a 26% greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who rarely have such drinks. A study that followed 40,000 men for two decades found that those who averaged one can of a sugary beverage per day had a 20% higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed sugary drinks. A related study in women found a similar sugary beverage–heart disease link.  A 22-year-long study of 80,000 women found that those who consumed a can a day of sugary drink had a 75% higher risk of gout than women who rarely had such drinks.  Researchers found a similarly-elevated risk in men. Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, recently made a strong case that there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases (Paula, 2015)

Soft drinks and Diabetes

Strong evidence indicates that sugar-sweetened soft drinks contribute to the development of diabetes. The Nurses’ Health Study explored this connection by following the health of more than 90,000 women for eight years. The nurses who said they had one or more servings a day of a sugar-sweetened soft drink or fruit punch were twice as likely to have developed type 2 diabetes during the study than those who rarely had these beverages ( Paula, 2015).

Staying Hydrated

Throughout the day, you lose about 8 cups of water from your body. If it will not be replace this lost water to the human body, it can lead to dehydration, which presents as thirst, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and dry mouths. Soda does not replace the water that loses by the human body, caffeinated sodas can actually make dehydration worse by increasing urine productions (Nutrifacts, 2015).

Theoretical Framework

Soft drinks are called “soft” because they don’t have any alcohol in them. The most popular types of soft drinks are flavoured water, carbonated water, sweet iced tea, fruit drinks, carbonated soft drinks, diet soft drinks, fruit punch, seltzers and cordials. Soft drinks can be called by many names. The most popular ones are soda, pop, coke, soda pop, fizzy drink and carbonated beverage. Sugary drinks are one of the leading causes of increase in number of bacteria in the mouth. This can cause significant tooth decay.

Because of the health concerns, many governments have placed tight regulations on production, sales, taxation and marketing of soda drinks.

Coca Cola is largest manufacturer of carbonated soda drinks in the world. Their most popular drinks are Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Diet Coke and orange-flavoured soda drink Fanta. The average cola drink has 38 calories per 100 grams. Sweetened drinks are high in kilojoules, which can introduced weight gain and obesity (Myers,2015).

Though water is the easiest and most economical fluid to keep you hydrated, the latest Institute of Medicine recommendation is that women should strive for about two liters or eight glasses a day and men should aim for three liters or 12 glasses a day of any fluid, not just water. “No one can figure out where this ‘eight glasses of water’ came from, but I believe it came from the old RDA [recommended daily allowance] for water that matched water requirements to calorie requirements,” notes Georgia Chavent, MS, RD, director of the Nutrition and Dietetics Program at the University of New Haven in West Haven, Conn. “The new requirement from the Institute of Medicine is much more generous and includes recommendations for total beverage consumption, not just water (Myers and Jones, 2016).

Definition of Terms

                This term are defined in order to operationalize each term. The operationalized of each term assisted in clarifying any uncertainly with regard to the meaning of the following terms in the study.

Water is a calorie free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless.

Soft Drink is loaded with sugar and calories, but does nothing for your health except

effect it negatively.

Benefit is an advantage that has good effect or gained from a certain idea.

Disadvantage makes a situation worse somebody less effective or desirable.

LITERATURE CITED

By:Paula a nutritionist

http://woman.thenest.com./health-benefits-soda-carbonated-water-3526.html

Retrieved last January 30, 2017

https://www.google.com.ph/searchclient=ms-browser-type&ei=AQ&qeffects-of-water-fun-facts_about-water=mobile-gws-serp

Retrieved last January 30, 2017

By Wyatt Myers

Medically Reviewed by Niya Jones, MD, MPH

http://www.everydayhealth.com/diet-nutrition/10-myths-and-facts-about-water.aspx

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

by: Vera Mae Aquino
CHAPTER 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

                This chapter presents the literature and studies that have been conducted and related to the study. It includes related article, foreign and local study, and local of the study and definition of terms.

 

Facts and trivia

Here are some interesting and helpful information about water. In 37 percent, the thirst mechanism is so weak that it is often mistaken for hunger. This leads to overeating and weight gain. Drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight. Even MILD dehydration will slow down one’s metabolism as much as three percent. Male potency and female lubrication are reduced by dehydration. One glass of water will shut down midnight hunger pangs for almost 100 percent of the dieters. Lack of water is the number one trigger of daytime fatigue. Preliminary research indicates that 8-10 glasses of water a day could significantly ease back and joint pain for up to 80 percent of sufferers. Drinking 5 glasses of water daily decreases the risk of colon cancer by 45 percent, plus it can slash the risk of breast cancer by 79 percent and one is 50 percent is likely to develop bladder cancer (unknown, 2015).

 

Soft Drinks and Disease

Soft drinks are the beverage of choice, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic conditions.

People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 can day or more—have a 26% greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who rarely have such drinks. A study that followed 40,000 men for two decades found that those who averaged one can of a sugary beverage per day had a 20% higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed sugary drinks. A related study in women found a similar sugary beverage–heart disease link.  A 22-year-long study of 80,000 women found that those who consumed a can a day of sugary drink had a 75% higher risk of gout than women who rarely had such drinks.  Researchers found a similarly-elevated risk in men. Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, recently made a strong case that there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases (Paula, 2015)

 

 

Soft drinks and Diabetes

Strong evidence indicates that sugar-sweetened soft drinks contribute to the development of diabetes. The Nurses’ Health Study explored this connection by following the health of more than 90,000 women for eight years. The nurses who said they had one or more servings a day of a sugar-sweetened soft drink or fruit punch were twice as likely to have developed type 2 diabetes during the study than those who rarely had these beverages ( Paula, 2015).

 

Staying Hydrated

Throughout the day, you lose about 8 cups of water from your body. If it will not be replace this lost water to the human body, it can lead to dehydration, which presents as thirst, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and dry mouths. Soda does not replace the water that loses by the human body, caffeinated sodas can actually make dehydration worse by increasing urine productions (Nutrifacts, 2015).

 

Theoretical Framework

Soft drinks are called “soft” because they don’t have any alcohol in them. The most popular types of soft drinks are flavoured water, carbonated water, sweet iced tea, fruit drinks, carbonated soft drinks, diet soft drinks, fruit punch, seltzers and cordials. Soft drinks can be called by many names. The most popular ones are soda, pop, coke, soda pop, fizzy drink and carbonated beverage. Sugary drinks are one of the leading causes of increase in number of bacteria in the mouth. This can cause significant tooth decay.

Because of the health concerns, many governments have placed tight regulations on production, sales, taxation and marketing of soda drinks.

Coca Cola is largest manufacturer of carbonated soda drinks in the world. Their most popular drinks are Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Diet Coke and orange-flavoured soda drink Fanta. The average cola drink has 38 calories per 100 grams. Sweetened drinks are high in kilojoules, which can introduced weight gain and obesity (Myers,2015).

Though water is the easiest and most economical fluid to keep you hydrated, the latest Institute of Medicine recommendation is that women should strive for about two liters or eight glasses a day and men should aim for three liters or 12 glasses a day of any fluid, not just water. “No one can figure out where this ‘eight glasses of water’ came from, but I believe it came from the old RDA [recommended daily allowance] for water that matched water requirements to calorie requirements,” notes Georgia Chavent, MS, RD, director of the Nutrition and Dietetics Program at the University of New Haven in West Haven, Conn. “The new requirement from the Institute of Medicine is much more generous and includes recommendations for total beverage consumption, not just water (Myers and Jones, 2016).

 

Definition of Terms

                This term are defined in order to operationalize each term. The operationalized of each term assisted in clarifying any uncertainly with regard to the meaning of the following terms in the study.

Water is a calorie free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless.

Soft Drink is loaded with sugar and calories, but does nothing for your health except

effect it negatively.

Benefit is an advantage that has good effect or gained from a certain idea.

Disadvantage makes a situation worse somebody less effective or desirable.

 

 

 

 

 

LITERATURE CITED

By:Paula a nutritionist

http://woman.thenest.com./health-benefits-soda-carbonated-water-3526.html

Retrieved last January 30, 2017

https://www.google.com.ph/searchclient=ms-browser-type&ei=AQ&qeffects-of-water-fun-facts_about-water=mobile-gws-serp

Retrieved last January 30, 2017

By Wyatt Myers

Medically Reviewed by Niya Jones, MD, MPH

http://www.everydayhealth.com/diet-nutrition/10-myths-and-facts-about-water.aspx

 

Literature Review

by: Russel Angot

CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

Common Pastime Activities of Teenagers

            All teenagers are different and like to do different things. Many like to spend their free time with friends, shopping, going to parties, using the computer for games or other online activities, social networking, texting, watching movies, reading and going to the beach or park (HealthyFamilies BC, 2014). Teenagers fill their leisure hours with a variety of activities some of which are not always agreeable to adults. Some parents claim teens watch too much television; most experts believe teens do not get enough physical exercise; teachers complain their students spend too little time on schoolwork or reading. This unfavorable picture, however, is not entirely accurate (Library Index, n.d.).

Young people aged between 16 and 24 spend more than 27 hours a week on the internet, communications watchdog Ofcom said as it laid bare the extent of the UK’s changing internet habits over the last decade (Anderson, 2015). Moreover, Britain has recent by been described as a “leisure society.” This is because there are a great variety of leisure pursuits. Young people generally go out on Friday or Saturday nights to a disco, to a concert or to a pub. In recent years going out for a meal or getting a take-away meal have become popular too. During the past years there is a great increase in keeping fit and staying healthy. A lot of teens started running, jogging and going to different fitness clubs in their spare time. Aerobics classes and fitness clubs opened in every town, and the number of recreation centers greatly increased. Indoor pools, with their wave-making machines, water slides and tropical vegetation, have become very popular (Native English, n.d.).

The same is true in Russia. A lot of teens go in for different kinds of sport. Sport helps them to feel as fit as a fiddle. In both countries there are special programs for problem teenagers, such as a high-risk activities, for example they are taught to jump out of aeroplanes. But despite the increase in the number of teens participating in sport, the majority of young people still prefer to be spectators. They prefer to be couch potatoes. Watching sports on TV is a popular leisure activity, as is going to football matches on Saturday. Cinemas have been redesigned with four or more screens, each showing a different film at the same time, and a lot of teens like going to the cinemas too (Native English, n.d.).

According to Wallace (2015), on any given day, teens in the United States spend about nine hours using media for their enjoyment, according to the report by Common Sense Media, a nonprofit focused on helping children, parents and educators navigate the world of media and technology. American teenagers spend their time largely in front of a screen. According to Kaiser Family Foundation research, teenagers spend more than 50 hours weekly in front of their laptops, computer, tablet, cellular phone and any other electronic devices. This screen time affects their health and academic performance. In the end, it also influences their behavior, priorities and relationships. Most of the time, it has a negative impact on teens (Reference, n.d.).

According to Steyer (as cited in Wallace, 2015), the implications of this digital transformation are huge for tweens and teens, educators, policymakers and parents. For one, living and communicating via mobile devices gets in the way of empathy. Texting is so much less empathetic than having a conversation in person and looking somebody in the eye and having physical or at least a verbal presence with them.

Pastime Activities of Teenagers in the Philippine Context

            In the 21st century, technology has been rising and there have been new trends made. With the use of technology and what we call “the internet”, all the information needed was already posted online and is just a click away (Tisha, 2013). Through internet everyone can access different social media. The concepts behind “social networking” aren’t anything new – ever since there have been humans, we have been looking for ways to connect, network, and promote with one another – but they’ve taken on an entirely new meaning (and momentum) in the digital age (Milanovic, 2015). Because of this, they prefer virtual interaction like text messaging, e-mail, Internet chat, and surfing rather than personal interaction (“The Filipino Youth Today…” 2013).

            The usage of social media by Filipinos will amaze you. Social media like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube are the top most profiles used especially by teenagers and young adult (Sienasmec, 2015).  Most Filipino Youth now enjoy mostly on texting, surfing the net and are more on the couch-potato type, those who just sit down, watch television and eat all the time… (Tisha, 2013).

Filipinos aged 15 to 24 years old represent the biggest consumers of information technology in the past few years, a survey on media use and youth lifestyle showed. Dr. Grace Cruz, author of the study, said media consumption of young adults have shifted over the years with traditional media like newspapers on the low end last year (Cebu Daily News, 2014).

According to a research conducted by Ma. Angela Teresa G. Sebastian on the usage of Filipino youth of internet, 41.8 percent of the youth reported using the Internet every day while 17.3 percent reported being online thrice a week. On average, the Filipino youth are online 22 hours a week, or roughly 3 hours a day (Sebastian, M., 2014)

Furthermore, the youth of today go to different places, enjoying their coffee and donuts in some fancy coffee shop or having their lunch at a famous restaurant, and tend to imitate some characters from different foreign films (Lazaro, 2012).

Youths today are too easily obsessed with everything, not only material things like gadgets, make-ups, dresses, etc. but also games (Defense of the Ancient a.k.a. DotA) and TV shows (PBB Teens). They don’t really care much of other stuff. Their primary concern is themselves, their pleasures, what they want, what satisfy them (Balbuena, 2012).

Meanwhile, according Michelle (2011), sleeping is frequently pastime of most Filipino people, we love to sleep especially when the weather is cold and rainy. It feels relax when you sleep because you are able to forget many problems even for a while that you have. Aside from that you are able to have peace of mind.   For the adults or adolescence, it helps them to take rest when they are tired. It’s nice to sleep when you are so much tired. Upon wake-up, it is a sign that God’s grace is in with you because He is able to give you another life, and another day to live and experience the life.

Balbuena (2012) noted that these changes that occurred to the behavior of the youth should be received for the reason that these diversions are done in response to the desires of the society. It is not somewhat to be terrified about. As long as they are controllable and their actions are for the profit of the other people, it will be valued and respected.

Effects of the Pastime Activities of Teenagers Nowadays

The youth today are so exposed in social media and it is verified by a study of the University of Maryland in 2010 that suggested that social media services may be addictive, and that using social media services may lead to a “fear of missing out,” also known as the phrase “FOMO” by many students (“The Filipino Youth Today…” 2013). Texting, instagraming and facebooking has turned our children into a generation of mindless drones who can only interact when they’re behind a keyboard, earpiece, speaker or headset–anything else is just too scary (Torres, 2015). Because there are factors from technology that hinders the youth’s intellectual growth like video games, social networking sites and other online activities (Tisha, 2013).

We often hear reports about youth obesity in the Philippines, weight gain is caused by taking in too much food and not burning enough calories to maintain a good balance and normal weight. If one does not exercise and remains a couch-potato watching TV, it is very obvious that this will lead to obesity (Lazaro, 2012).

There are also a lot of benefits that come from social media and the internet for teenagers. For a lot of people in my age group social media is an outlet for thoughts that they are able to share with their peers. Websites where you can interact with others your age means a lot to teenagers because it is a form of self-expression. As we begin to get older it is very important to know who you are and what you want to do with your life, through social media you can easily find this out (Crawford et al., 2015).

It has been said time and time again that there is something different with the circumstances surrounding our generation. We live in an era where our social impact is accelerated by the wealth of resources we have at our disposal.

In the age of the New Media and exponential technological advancements, we have the capacity to do more, reach more people, and act earlier – but the caveat is that we must use these resources responsibly (Sebastian, A., 2014).

In conclusion, social media can have both a beneficial and negative impact on the youth of my generation. It can help youth prosper in so many different ways. As well as hold them down in various ways. The impact that social media has on us is up for us to decide (Crawford et al., 2015)!

Theoretical Framework

The interest of teenagers in hanging out around streets corners with friends rather than take part in sports or organized activities can be correlated with the term “Kevin the teenager’s effect” wherein Kevin Patterson, a character created and played by the British comedian, Harry Enfield, is a stereotypical British teenager who found everything “too boring”. It even makes boys more likely to take risks and argue with their parents, just like Enfield’s classic character from the hit 1990s show. Harry Enfield may have turned the teenage years into a comedy with his creation Kevin the Teenager – but for many families this is a period of intense and sometimes relationship-threatening stress (Murfitt and Reilly, 2011). Teenagers of today’s generation may be having this approach because education researchers have proved that children aged between 12 and 15 would not be persuaded to turn their backs on the street because of more leisure facilities (Anonymous, 2004).

Meanwhile, there is a new teen trend which is called vamping (as in vampires). Danah Boyd describes “vamping” as a time when kids can socialize together, free from structure and adults’ prying eyes (The Conversation UK, 2015). It is a name for teens staying up too late and posting on social media (Penn, 2014). This presents how teenagers are more likely influenced by the internet and social media.

This hypothesize that the use of technology by teenagers causes them to do or to become what they are watching and they tend to stay up too late at night which is free from adults’ prying eyes just to go over their social media accounts and socialize with their peers.

Conceptual Framework     

            In view of the literature presented, figure 1 shows how pastime activities affects the teenagers’ behavior and personality.

The independent variable of this study is the Pastime Activities.

The dependent variables of this study are the Behavior and Personality.

 

           Independent Variable                                                         Dependent Variable

 

 

 

Figure 1. Conceptual Framework Showing the Variables of the Study

 

Definition of Terms

To facilitate better understanding of the study, the following terms are operationally defined:

Pastime Activities. The activities executed by the respondents when they have free time or vacant time both inside and outside the school premises.

Junior High School Students. Students who are in the first four years of secondary education of the Philippine educational system.

Free Time. The time of the respondents wherein they are not engaged in a scheduled task or assignment. They are just relaxing and are stress free.

Behavior. The traits or actions shown by the respondents which are influenced by their pastime activities.

Interests. The wants or desires of the respondents that they want to do during their free times.

 

Research Report

by:RUSSEL ANGOT

Preferred Pastime Activities of Junior High School Students of Southern Christian College

 

            Sean B. Apostol, Princess Kate T. Bersaldo, Russel S. Angot, Annaliza D. Barat

 

Abstract. This research aimed to know the preferred pastime activities of the junior high school students, both inside and outside the school premises, and to gather relevant data regarding the their preferred pastime activities. Specifically, it determined the following: preferred pastime activities per year level in junior high school at home or every weekend and at school, effects of their pastime activities to their behavior and personality and the most common pastime activities among the respondents.

The study used the descriptive research design. Respondents of the study were consisted of sixty (60) junior high school students of Southern Christian College in Midsayap, Cotabato during the second semester of school year 2016-2017. Pertinent data were obtained from the responses of the respondents. The statistical tools used was descriptive statistics such as percentile and rank.

The major research findings are briefly stated as follows. The most common pastime activities at home are: surfing the net with 63.33% of the total respondents, watching television with 56.67%, and sleeping with 53.33%. Meanwhile, the most common pastime activities at school are: playing/talking with classmates/schoolmates with 76.67% of the total respondents, followed by eating at the cafeteria/students’ center/street food area with 28.33% which has a far gap with the first one, and sleeping inside the classroom with 21.67%. The effects of their pastime activities are as follows. The top three negative effects are: forgetting to do school assignments/requirements, becoming lazy, and forgetting to eat on time. The top three positive effects are: becoming more active, becoming more responsible and improvement of cognitive skills.

The researchers concluded that: they are a generation that are having pastime activities with less physical activities. Even at school, the respondents are still having less physical activities. Forgetting to do their assignments and requirements doesn’t affect the respondents to become responsible. Moreover, having less physical activities, doesn’t affect the respondents to become active. There are still other factors that can affect them for being responsible and active. The generation of teenagers nowadays that are the same age with the respondents are more likely active in terms of technology and not in to playing board games, playing traditional games and gardening when they are at their homes or every weekends. In addition, they spend more time playing/talking with classmates/schoolmates rather than playing board games, traditional games and outdoor games when they are in school.

Introduction. Teenagers nowadays are active in different activities such as pastime activities. Due to the developing and evolving society, the interest of teenagers have changed, and most of them are more on technology. According to Drzewicka and Wojciechowska (2016), nowadays, teenagers have changed in comparison with the teen in the past, taking into account eating habits, an active way of life spending free time and clothes. They are a “technology” generation. For teens in today’s world mobile phones, internet, music, movies, television and video games are very important. Apart from that, they are happier mingling with friends during free time for their pastime. Teenagers need free time to explore their own interest, be with friends or just unwind (Raising Children Network, 2016).

In the Philippines, teenagers are engaged in different kinds of pastime activities, whether through technology or through their natural environment. Some of these pastime activities are traveling with friends, window shopping, watching movies, etc. Unlike younger children, teenagers do not listen as much to parents. They are conditioned by their environment, listen more to their peers, and are eager to be recognized as independent adults. Unfortunately they are halvstrak (half-strong), the German’s term for the adolescent age. They are endangered species – specially the Filipino teenagers (Soliven, 2015)

At Southern Christian College, a private Christian school run by the United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP), teenagers are playing with friends, staying at the cafeteria, or staying at the library during free time. These teenagers are more engaged in their natural environment during free time when they are in school premises.

 

METHODOLOGY  

Research Design. The descriptive method was used to achieve the objectives of this study. This method described a present condition which in this study was the preferred pastime activities of junior high school students of Southern Christian College.

Research Locale. This study was conducted at Southern Christian College (SCC), Midsayap, Cotabato. SCC is a private Christian educational institution that is run by United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP).

Respondents. The respondents of this study was composed of sixty junior high school students.  There were fifteen from Grade-7, fifteen from Grade-8, fifteen from Grade-9, and fifteen from Grade-10. They were selected through quota and convenience sampling.

Research Instrument. The survey questionnaire was used to elicit the data needed in this study. The questions knew the preferred pastime activities of junior high school students of Southern Christian College.

Data-Gathering Procedure. The data was drawn from sixty junior high school students of Southern Christian College. Each respondent was asked to answer the questionnaire.

Data Analysis Procedure. The data was analyzed using statistical analysis and was presented in themes.

 

 

 

 

 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION     

Table 1.1

Preferred Pastime Activities of the Respondents at Home or Every Weekend

PASTIME ACTIVITIES Year Level and Number of Respondents TOTAL %
G-7 G-8 G-9 G-10
Watching television 5 13 7 9 34 56.67
Surfing the net 8 13 8 9 38 63.33
Playing board games 1 0 2 0 3 5
Playing outdoor games 3 2 4 3 12 20
Playing traditional games 0 2 1 0 3 5
Hanging out with friends 4 4 2 4 14 23.33
Gardening 2 0 0 0 2 3.33
Cooking 1 5 2 5 13 21.67
Sleeping 2 13 8 9 32 53.33
Others 2 0 1 4 7 8.33

 

Table 1.1 shows that the most preferred pastime activity of the respondents at home or every weekend is surfing the net with 63.33% of the total respondents. It is followed by watching television with 56.67% of the total respondents. Sleeping is the third preferred with 53.33% of the total respondents. The rest were the least preferred which includes playing board games, playing traditional games, and gardening.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1.2

Preferred Pastime Activities of the Respondents at School

PASTIME ACTIVITIES Year Level and Number of Respondents TOTAL %
G-7 G-8 G-9 G-10
Playing/talking with classmates/schoolmates 8 12 12 14 46 76.67
Eating at the cafeteria/students’ center/street food area 4 6 3 4 17 28.33
Reading books inside the library 0 7 0 4 11 18.33
Making requirements 4 0 0 2 6 10
Reading books outside the library 1 2 2 0 5 8.33
Sleeping inside the classroom 0 4 3 6 13 21.67
Playing board games 0 0 1 0 1 1.67
Playing outdoor games 1 0 1 1 3 5
Playing traditional games 0 0 1 0 1 1.67
Others 1 2 0 1 3 5

 

Table 1.2 shows that the most preferred pastime activity of the respondents at school is playing/talking with classmates/schoolmates with 63.33% of the total respondents. It is followed by eating at the cafeteria/students’ center/street food area which has a far gap from the first one with 28.33% of the total respondents. Sleeping inside the classroom is the third preferred with 21.67% of the total respondents. The rest were the least preferred which includes making requirements, reading books outside the library, playing outdoor games, playing board games, and playing traditional games.

Table 1.1 and 1.2 correlates with the study of Healthy Families BC (2014) that all teenagers are different and like to do different things. Many like to spend their free time with friends, shopping, going to parties, using the computer for games or other online activities, social networking, texting, watching movies, reading and going to the beach or park.

 

 

 

Table 2.1

Common Pastime Activities of the Respondents at Home or Every Weekend

PASTIME ACTIVITIES TOTAL %
Surfing the net 38 63.33
Watching television 34 56.67
Sleeping 32 53.33

 

Table 2.1 presents that out of the preferred pastime activities of the respondents at home or every weekend, the common are surfing the net with 38 or 63.33% of the total respondents, watching television with 34 or 56.67% of the total respondents and sleeping with 32 or 53.33% of the total respondents.

The research correlates on the study of Sienasmec (2015) that social media like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube are the top most profiles used especially by teenagers and young adult. It is just followed by watching television because, according to Library Index (n.d.), some parents claim teens watch too much television. Meanwhile, sleeping is also common among the respondents because according to Michelle (2011), sleeping is frequently pastime of most Filipino people, they love to sleep especially when the weather is cold and rainy.

 

Table 2.2

Common Pastime Activities of the Respondents at School

PASTIME ACTIVITIES TOTAL %
Playing/talking with classmates/schoolmates 46 76.67
Eating at the cafeteria/students’ center/street food area 17 28.33
Sleeping inside the classroom 13 21.67

 

Table 2.2 shows that out of the preferred pastime activities of the respondents at school, the common are playing/talking with classmates/schoolmates with 46 or 76.67% of the total respondents, eating at the cafeteria/students’ center/street food area with 17 or 28.33% of the total respondents which is far from the first one and sleeping inside the classroom with 13 or 21.67% of the total respondents.

As what Drzewicka and Wojciechowska (2016) said, nowadays, teenagers have changed in comparison with the teen in the past, taking into account eating habits, an active way of life spending free time and clothes. The youth of today go to different places, enjoying their coffee and donuts in some fancy coffee shop or having their lunch at a famous restaurant, and tend to imitate some characters from different foreign films (Lazaro, 2012). Meanwhile, sleeping is also common among the respondents because according to Michelle (2011), sleeping is frequently pastime of most Filipino people, they love to sleep especially when the weather is cold and rainy.

Table 3.1

Negative Effects of the Respondents’ Pastime Activities to their Behavior and Personality

NEGATIVE EFFECTS Year Level and Number of Respondents TOTAL %
G-7 G-8 G-9 G-10
I forgot to do my school assignments/requirements 9 11 8 8 36 60
I forgot to do my household chores 1 6 2 4 13 21.67
I forgot to eat on time 4 5 5 5 19 31.67
I forgot to have my personal hygiene 1 2 1 1 5 8.33
I disobey my parents 1 3 0 2 6 10
Becoming unfaithful 0 1 0 1 2 3.33
Becoming lazy 4 9 3 7 23 38.33
Becoming rude 2 1 0 0 3 5
Less social interactions 0 2 1 0 3 5
Showing disrespect to others 0 1 1 2 4 6.67

 

Table 3.1 shows that the highest number of negative effects among the respondents is forgetting to do their school assignments/requirements with 60% of the total respondents. It is followed by becoming lazy with a far gap from the first one with 38.33% of the total respondents. Forgetting to eat on time is the third in the list which has a close gap from becoming lazy with 31.67% of the total respondents.

This affirms the study that texting, instagraming and facebooking has turned the children into a generation of mindless drones who can only interact when they’re behind a keyboard, earpiece, speaker or headset–anything else is just too scary (Torres, 2015). Because there are factors from technology that hinders the youth’s intellectual growth like video games, social networking sites and other online activities (Tisha, 2013).

Table 3.2

Positive Effects of the Respondents’ Pastime Activities to their Behavior and Personality

POSITIVE EFFETCS Year Level and Number of Respondents TOTAL %
G-7 G-8 G-9 G-10
Becoming more active 6 5 7 5 23 38.33
Becoming more responsible 5 5 6 7 23 38.33
Becoming more helpful 4 3 6 4 17 28.33
Becoming aware of the current issues 1 7 3 7 18 30
Improvement of social skills 1 6 1 7 15 25
Improvement of cognitive skills 2 8 2 7 19 31.67
Able to determine right and wrong 3 6 1 8 18 30
Showing empathy 0 1 1 2 4 6.67
Good performance in school 1 0 1 2 4 6.67
Able to multitask 0 1 2 5 8 13.33

 

Table 3.2 shows that the highest number of positive effects among the respondents is becoming more active with 38.33% of the total respondents. It is followed by becoming more responsible which has the same number of respondents from the first one with 38.33% of the total respondents. Improvement of cognitive skills is next in line which is close from the previews one with 31.67% of the total respondents.

The results correlates with the literature that there are also a lot of positive benefits that come from social media and the internet for teenagers. For a lot of people wherein social media is an outlet for thoughts that they are able to share with their peers. Websites where you can interact with others your age means a lot to teenagers because it is a form of self-expression. As we begin to get older it is very important to know who you are and what you want to do with your life, through social media you can easily find this out (Crawford et al., 2015).

Moreover, in the age of the New Media and exponential technological advancements, we have the capacity to do more, reach more people, and act earlier – but the caveat is that we must use these resources responsibly (Sebastian, A., 2014).

 

CONCLUSION

  1. The top pastime activities of the respondents at home or every weekend are surfing the net, watching television and sleeping that needs less physical actions. This shows that teenagers who are in the same age with the respondents are more engaged in social medias in the world wide web like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, and the like. Meanwhile, playing traditional games (e.g. tumbang preso and patintero), playing outdoor games (e.g. basketball and volleyball) and gardening that needs more physical action are the least preferred. Therefore this demonstrates that they are a generation that are having pastime activities with less physical activities.
  2. The top pastime activity of the respondents at school is talking with classmates/schoolmates. Followed by eating at the cafeteria/students’ center/street food area and sleeping inside the classroom which is having a far gap with the first one. Still, playing outdoor games and traditional games are their least preferred. This shows that even at school, the respondents are still having less physical activities.
  3. Due to their preferred pastime activities, they forgot to do their school assignments/requirements which is the top negative effect for them. Meanwhile the top positive effects that they get from their pastime activities are becoming more active and becoming more responsible. This shows that even though they forgot to do their school assignments/requirements they still become more responsible. And even though they are having less physical activities, they still become more active. Therefore, the researchers concluded that forgetting to do their assignments and requirements doesn’t affect the respondents to become responsible. Moreover, having less physical activities, doesn’t affect the respondents to become active. There are still other factors that can affect them for being responsible and active.
  4. The generation of teenagers nowadays that are the same age with the respondents are more likely active in terms of technology and not in to playing board games, playing traditional games and gardening when they are at their homes or every weekends.
  5. In addition, they spend more time playing/talking with classmates/schoolmates rather than playing board games, traditional games and outdoor games when they are in school.

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Anderson, E. (2015). Teenagers spend 27 hours a week onlinehow internet use has ballooned in the last decade. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/mediatechnologyandtelecoms/digital-media/11597743/Teenagers-spend-27-hours-a-week-online-how-internet-use-has-ballooned-in-       the-last-decade.html

Anonymous (2004). Hanging about: the top pastime for teenagers 50% prefer street corners to ‘activities’. Retrieved from http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/12414462.Hanging_about__the_top_pastime_for_teenagers_50__prefer_street_corners_to__apos_activities_apos_/

Balbuena, J. (2012). Filipino Youth: Then and Now. Retrieved from http://jenbalbuena.blogspot.com/2012/07/filipino-youth-then-and-now.html

Cebu Daily News (2014). ‘Filipino youths are biggest Internet users’. Retrieved from http://cebudailynews.inquirer.net/41007/filipino-youths-are-biggest-internet-users

Crawford, et al. (2015). How does social media effect youth?. Retrieved from http://www.loebigink.com/how-does-social-media-effect-youth/

Drzewicka and Wojciechowska (2016). Teenager’s Lifestyle. Retrieved from http://www.4lochelm.pl/witryny/Witryna/Teenagers’%20lifestyle.html

Healthy Families BC (2014). Teens and Free Time. Retrieved from https://www.healthyfamiliesbc.ca/home/articles/teens-and-free-time

Lazaro, M. (2012). Change Is Constant but Not Consistent…Filipino Youth Now and Then – Lazaro. Retrieved from https://bsp101a.wordpress.com/2012/10/18/change-is-constant-but-not-consistentfilipino-youth-now-and-then-lazaro/

Library Index (n.d.). Recreation and the Use of Free Time – TeenagersLeisure TimeAnd Volunteerism. Retrieved from http://www.libraryindex.com/pages/1699/Recreation-Use-Free-Time-TEENAGERS-LEISURE-TIME-VOLUNTEERISM.html

Michelle, (2011). Top 10 Pinoys Pastime. Retrieved from http://pinoyspastime.blogspot.com/

Milanovic, R. (2015). The World’s 21 Most Important Social Media Sites and Apps in 2015. Retrieved from http://www.socialmediatoday.com/social-networks/2015-04-13/worlds-21-most-important-social-media-sites-and-apps-2015

Murfitt and Reilly (2011). Coping with your own Kevin The Teenager: All the expert advice you need to survive teenage traumas… from acne to puberty. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2066559/Coping-Kevin-teenager-All-expert-advice-need-survive-teenage-traumas–acne-puberty.html
Native English (n.d.). Popular free time activities of teenagers. Retrieved from https://www.native-english.ru/topics/popular-free-time-activities-of-teenagers

Raising Children Network (2016). Teenagers and Free Time. Retrieved from http://raisingchildren.net.au/articles/teenagers_and_free_time.html

Reference (n.d.). How do American teenagers spend their time?. Retrieved from https://www.reference.com/family/american-teenagers-spend-time-7fccb083918de647#

Sebastian, A. (2014). An open letter to the Filipino youth. Retrieved from http://www.rappler.com/move-ph/ispeak/65886-an-open-letter-filipino-youth

Sebastian, M. (2014). Are the Filipino youth apathetic?. Retrieved from http://opinion.inquirer.net/75393/are-the-filipino-youth-apathetic

Sienasmec (2015). Top 5 Filipino Hobbies. Retrieved from http://en.fishand.tips/article/1794

Soliven, P. (2015). Filipino teenagers – the endangered species. Retrieved from http://www.philstar.com/education-and-home/2015/05/07/1452083/filipino-teenagers-endangered-species

Tisha (2013). The Filipino Youth. Retrieved from http://group6socio.blogspot.com/

The Conversation UK (n.d.). Vamping: The New Teenage Pastime. Retrieved from https://goodmenproject.com/featured-content/vamping-the-new-teenage-pastime-wcz/

The Filipino Youth Today (2013). The Filipino Youth Today: Going Beyond the Lines. Retrieved from https://bluestpassiveeye.wordpress.com/2013/10/29/the-filipino-youth-today-going-beyond-the-lines/

Torres, M. (2015). 10 Differences Between Children Who Grew Up in the 70’s vs. Today. Retrieved from http://themindunleashed.com/2015/02/10-differences-chlidren-grew-70s-vs-today.html

Wallace, K. (2015). Teens spend a ‘mind-boggling’ 9 hours a day using media, report says. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2015/11/03/health/teens-tweens-media-screen-use-report/

 

 

Research Proposal

by:Russel Angot

PREFERRED PASTIME ACTIVITIES OF THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF SOUTHERN CHRISTIAN COLLEGE

 

Chapter 1

 

Introduction

            According to Drzewicka and Wojciechowska (2016), nowadays, teenagers have changed in comparison with the teen in the past, taking into account eating habits, an active way of life spending free time and clothes. For teens in today’s world mobile phones, internet, music, movies, television and video games are very important.

At Southern Christian College, a private Christian school run by the United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP), teenagers are playing with friends, staying at the cafeteria, or staying at the library during free time. These teenagers are more engaged in their natural environment during free time when they are in school premises.

Hence, the researchers are prompted to conduct a study to determine the preferred pastime activities of junior high school students of Southern Christian College, both inside and outside the school premises. This study will help the school’s faculty and staff and also the parents and guardians in knowing and understanding the behavior and interest of their students and children.

Statement of the Problem

  1. What are the preferred pastime activities of the junior high school students of Southern Christian College?
  2. What are the common among the preferred pastime activities of the junior high school students of Southern Christian College?
  3. What are some of the effects of their pastime activities to their behavior and personality?

Objectives

This study was conducted to determine the preferred pastime activities of junior high        school students of Southern Christian College. More specifically, this study sought to determine:

  1. The preferred pastime activities of the junior high school students nowadays.
  2. The common among the preferred pastime activities of the junior high school students nowadays.
  3. Some effects in the behavior and personality of the junior high school students in connection with their preferred pastime activities.

 

Date and Place

School year 2016-2017 at Southern Christian College

 

 

Significance of the Study

            The finding of this study will benefit the following:

            Teachers. This study will enable the teachers to understand the behavior of their students inside and outside the classroom premises.

Parents. This study will help the parents in understanding the behaviors and changes of their child/children in connection with the present society.

Guidance Councilor. This study will prompt the school guidance councilors to look into the behaviors of the students and to evaluate them so that the guidance councilors can come up and formulate different activities for the development and improvement of the students.

 

School Administrators. This study will benefit the school administrators to look into the behavior of the students so that they can come up and make improvements with the school’s facilities in developing and improving the students.

 

Scope and Limitation

This research used the quantitative method, specifically the descriptive design, in determining the preferred pastime activities of junior high school students of Southern Christian College. Associated to this study is the gathering of information and data regarding some effects of the pastime activities in the behavior and personality of the respondents. Sixty junior high school students are the respondents of the study that is composed of fifteen students per year level. The gathering of data and other needed information was done at Southern Christian College, Midsayap, Cotabato. This study was done for the second semester of school year 2016-2017.

 

 

Chapter 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

Common Pastime Activities of Teenagers

All teenagers are different and like to do different things. Many like to spend their free time with friends, shopping, going to parties, using the computer for games or other online activities, social networking, texting, watching movies, reading and going to the beach or park (HealthyFamilies BC, 2014).

Pastime Activities of Teenagers in the Philippine Context

The usage of social media by Filipinos will amaze you. Social media like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube are the top most profiles used especially by teenagers and young adult (Sienasmec, 2015).  Most Filipino Youth now enjoy mostly on texting, surfing the net and are more on the couch-potato type, those who just sit down, watch television and eat all the time… (Tisha, 2013).

Effects of the Pastime Activities of Teenagers Nowadays

Texting, instagraming and facebooking has turned our children into a generation of mindless drones who can only interact when they’re behind a keyboard, earpiece, speaker or headset–anything else is just too scary (Torres, 2015).

In the age of the New Media and exponential technological advancements, we have the capacity to do more, reach more people, and act earlier – but the caveat is that we must use these resources responsibly (Sebastian, A., 2014).

The impact that social media has on us is up for us to decide (Crawford et al., 2015).

 

Theoretical Framework

The interest of teenagers in hanging out around streets corners with friends rather than take part in sports or organized activities can be correlated with the term “Kevin the teenager’s effect” wherein Kevin Patterson, a character created and played by the British comedian, Harry Enfield, is a stereotypical British teenager who found everything “too boring”. It even makes boys more likely to take risks and argue with their parents, just like Enfield’s classic character from the hit 1990s show. Harry Enfield may have turned the teenage years into a comedy with his creation Kevin the Teenager – but for many families this is a period of intense and sometimes relationship-threatening stress (Murfitt and Reilly, 2011). Teenagers of today’s generation may be having this approach because education researchers have proved that children aged between 12 and 15 would not be persuaded to turn their backs on the street because of more leisure facilities (Anonymous, 2004).

Meanwhile, there is a new teen trend which is called vamping (as in vampires). Danah Boyd describes “vamping” as a time when kids can socialize together, free from structure and adults’ prying eyes (The Conversation UK, 2015). It is a name for teens staying up too late and posting on social media (Penn, 2014). This presents how teenagers are more likely influenced by the internet and social media.

This hypothesize that the use of technology by teenagers causes them to do or to become what they are watching and they tend to stay up too late at night which is free from adults’ prying eyes just to go over their social media accounts and socialize with their peers.

 

Conceptual Framework

In view of the literature presented, the figure below shows how pastime activities affects the teenagers’ behavior and personality.

 

  Independent Variable                                     Dependent Variable

Pastime Activities
Behavior

Personality

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3

METHODOLOGY

 

 

Research Design

The descriptive method was used to achieve the objectives of this study.

Research Locale

This study was conducted at Southern Christian College (SCC), Midsayap, Cotabato. SCC is a private Christian educational institution that is run by United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP).

Respondents

The respondents of this study was composed of sixty junior high school students.  There were fifteen from Grade-7, fifteen from Grade-8, fifteen from Grade-9, and fifteen from Grade-10. They were selected through quota and convenience sampling.

Research Instrument

The survey questionnaire was used to elicit the data needed in this study. The questions knew the preferred pastime activities of junior high school students of Southern Christian College.

 

Data-Gathering Procedure

The data was drawn from sixty junior high school students of Southern Christian College. Each respondent was asked to answer the questionnaire.

Data Analysis Procedure

            The data was analyzed using statistical analysis and was presented in themes.

 

Work Schedule

Activities November December January February March
Concept and Instrument Development
Proposal Defense

 

Data Collection

 

 

Data analysis

 

 

Final Defense

 

 

Budgetary Requirements

Expenditures Second Semester

(2016-2017)

Printing of materials ₱ 200.00
Plastic folder ₱ 24.00
Wifi Load ₱ 200.00
Fare and meals during the gathering of data ₱ 300.00
Total ₱ 724.00