NUMBER OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS PREFERRING TO DRINK WATER AND SOFT DRINKS DURING LUNCH AND RECESS TIME
AN-AN S. ADAM
VERA MAE D. AQUINO
HONEY REY P. BACLIG
DIANE KIESHA P. ABELO
KRISHA PEARL G. ABELLO
BERNA LESHA BENEDICTO
Nature and Background of the Study
Water is life. Without it, there would be no life on Planet Earth. Without soft drinks, which is toxic to our organs, life would go on, and more people, especially children, would even be healthier. Since the human thirst mechanism is not very reliable (most often thirst is mistaken by our brain for hunger), drinking at least 8 glasses a day is a good rule to instances, dehydration has already taken place before the person feels thirsty. Don’t wait for dryness of the mouth, nasal passages, eyes, and any of those symptoms listed above before drinking water. It is best to preempt thirst (Philip Chua, 2013).
According to Chua that if we don’t drink water, a host of problems, in varying proportional degrees, can occur, like fatigue, headaches, irritability, mental dullness, sagging skin, retention of toxic wastes in our body, weight gain, kidney stone formation and urinary tract infection. If dehydration is serve shock and death could ensue.
(Olson, 2015) cited that as soon as soda’s swallowed, the pancreas is notified and rapidly begins to create insulin in response to the sugar. Insulin is a hormone that the body uses to move sugar from food or drink into the bloodstream, where cells are then able to use sugar for energy. Within just 20 minutes, blood sugar levels spike and their lives respond to the insulin by turning sugar into fat for storage. Within 45 minutes of gulping down a single 20-ounce glass of soda, caffeine from the drink is fully absorbed, and as a result your pupils dilate and blood pressure rises. The body produces more dopamine which is stimulates the pleasure centers of the brain—just like a low- grade line of cocaine. When the hours chimes, the body begins to experience a blood sugar crash, which is around the same time a person reaches for their second soda, or for another sweet and sugar snacked to suffice. Soda’s connection the obesity epidemic is so intertwined, Harvard researchers have calculated each additional soda consumed increases the risk of obesity 1.6 times.
There’s a reason nutrition experts recommend drinking at least 8 glasses of water per day while limiting soda – or better yet, avoiding it altogether. Water is calorie-free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless. Soda is loaded with sugar and calories, but negatively. While the sweetness of the carbonated beverage may be enticing, ditch the soda pop and reach for water instead (Paula, 2015).
Statement of the Problem
This study focus on the high school students in Southern Christian College.
This was conducted to seek answers to the following:
- What will be the result/effect of soft drink to the student of SCC?
- What are the benefits of soft drink and water to the SCC students and how it affect to their health?
- What are the numbers of students who prefer to drinks water and soft drink during recess and lunch time?
Objectives of the Study
This study was conducted to determine how many high school students preferring to drink water than soft drink or soda, or how many high school students preferring to drink soft drink or soda than water here in SCC.
It aimed to:
- Determining the number of SCC high school student who prefer to drink soft drink and water.
- Know what are the benefits of soft drink and water and what are the effects of it.
- Which product they prefer in drinking water and soft drinks.
Soft drinks are called “soft” because they don’t have any alcohol in them. The most popular types of soft drinks are flavoured water, carbonated water, sweet iced tea, fruit drinks, carbonated soft drinks, diet soft drinks, fruit punch, seltzers and cordials. Soft drinks can be called by many names. The most popular ones are soda, pop, coke, soda pop, fizzy drink and carbonated beverage. Sugary drinks are one of the leading causes of increase in number of bacteria in the mouth. This can cause significant tooth decay.
Because of the health concerns, many governments have placed tight regulations on production, sales, taxation and marketing of soda drinks.
Coca Cola is largest manufacturer of carbonated soda drinks in the world. Their most popular drinks are Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Diet Coke and orange-flavoured soda drink Fanta. The average cola drink has 38 calories per 100 grams. Sweetened drinks are high in kilojoules, which can introduced weight gain and obesity (Myers,2015).
Though water is the easiest and most economical fluid to keep you hydrated, the latest Institute of Medicine recommendation is that women should strive for about two liters or eight glasses a day and men should aim for three liters or 12 glasses a day of any fluid, not just water. “No one can figure out where this ‘eight glasses of water’ came from, but I believe it came from the old RDA [recommended daily allowance] for water that matched water requirements to calorie requirements,” notes Georgia Chavent, MS, RD, director of the Nutrition and Dietetics Program at the University of New Haven in West Haven, Conn. “The new requirement from the Institute of Medicine is much more generous and includes recommendations for total beverage consumption, not just water (Myers and Jones, 2016).
Significance of the Study
The result of this study may be useful to the following:
Students. This serves as the basis of information about the difference of water and soft drink, and how it affects in terms to their health.
Teachers. They will be able to determine which of the high school students most prefer to drink; the water or the soft drinks.
SCC Library. The school library will also be benefited for compilation purposes and for the references of other researchers.
Future Researchers. Future researchers may also use this work as a reference for future studies.
Scope and Limitations
This study focused only in Southern Christian College’s (SCC’s) campus. Specifically in high school department. The respondents of the study will be the high school students in SCC.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
This chapter presents the literature and studies that have been conducted and related to the study. It includes related article, foreign and local study, and local of the study and definition of terms.
Facts and trivia
Here are some interesting and helpful information about water. In 37 percent, the thirst mechanism is so weak that it is often mistaken for hunger. This leads to overeating and weight gain. Drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight. Even MILD dehydration will slow down one’s metabolism as much as three percent. Male potency and female lubrication are reduced by dehydration. One glass of water will shut down midnight hunger pangs for almost 100 percent of the dieters. Lack of water is the number one trigger of daytime fatigue. Preliminary research indicates that 8-10 glasses of water a day could significantly ease back and joint pain for up to 80 percent of sufferers. Drinking 5 glasses of water daily decreases the risk of colon cancer by 45 percent, plus it can slash the risk of breast cancer by 79 percent and one is 50 percent is likely to develop bladder cancer (unknown, 2015).
Soft Drinks and Disease
Soft drinks are the beverage of choice, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic conditions.
People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 can day or more—have a 26% greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who rarely have such drinks. A study that followed 40,000 men for two decades found that those who averaged one can of a sugary beverage per day had a 20% higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed sugary drinks. A related study in women found a similar sugary beverage–heart disease link. A 22-year-long study of 80,000 women found that those who consumed a can a day of sugary drink had a 75% higher risk of gout than women who rarely had such drinks. Researchers found a similarly-elevated risk in men. Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, recently made a strong case that there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases (Paula, 2015)
Soft drinks and Diabetes
Strong evidence indicates that sugar-sweetened soft drinks contribute to the development of diabetes. The Nurses’ Health Study explored this connection by following the health of more than 90,000 women for eight years. The nurses who said they had one or more servings a day of a sugar-sweetened soft drink or fruit punch were twice as likely to have developed type 2 diabetes during the study than those who rarely had these beverages ( Paula, 2015).
Throughout the day, you lose about 8 cups of water from your body. If it will not be replace this lost water to the human body, it can lead to dehydration, which presents as thirst, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and dry mouths. Soda does not replace the water that loses by the human body, caffeinated sodas can actually make dehydration worse by increasing urine productions (Nutrifacts, 2015).
Definition of Terms
This term are defined in order to operationalize each term. The operationalized of each term assisted in clarifying any uncertainly with regard to the meaning of the following terms in the study.
Water is a calorie free and hydrating and the benefits are priceless.
Soft Drink is loaded with sugar and calories, but does nothing for your health except
effect it negatively.
Benefit is an advantage that has good effect or gained from a certain idea.
Disadvantage makes a situation worse somebody less effective or desirable.
This study is a quantitative research. Researcher will be used convenience sampling to gather the data taken from Senior High School students of Southern Christian College who prefer drink water and soft drink.
Local of the Study
The study will be conducted inside the campus premises at Southern Christian College (SCC). Particularly in Senior High School department. Taking 100 respondents in this study.
Respondents of the Study
The respondents of this study will compose of 100 students from the Senior High School Department at Southern Christian College, officially choosing the students which prefer to drink water or soft drink.
The main research tool will employ in this study is a survey questionnaire to gather data and collect information from the respondents.
Data Collecting Procedures
Data gathering of the study, a letter of permission to conduct. This survey will be approve by the research and will be send to the Senior High School Principal for the approval, to administer the survey questionnaire, the survey questionnaire will personally administer by the researcher to the respondents.
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
This chapter deals with the presentation, analysis and interpretation of the data collected from the Grade eleven senior high school students of Southern Christian College during the school year 2016-2017. The data are shown in tabular and descriptive form.
Data of Respondents
Figure 1 shows the frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents in whom prefer to drink water and soft drinks. The orange color is represents the 100 student’s percentage who prefer to drink soft drinks during lunch. It has 30% out of 100 % prefer to drink soft drinks. On the other hand, the blue color represent the percentage of the 100 respondents who prefer to drink water. Out of 100 percent of respondents of the senior high school; there is 70% of respondents who prefer to drink water. In total of 100% of respondents. This pie graph shows that the research study is that the respondents is more preferring to drink water rather than soft drinks during lunch time.
Figure 1. Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents in terms of choice.
Figure 2 shows the frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents which prefer to drink water and soft drinks, and what type or brand of water and soft drinks that they consume during lunch time. The waters are: Absolute water which takes 8 out of 100 respondents, Nature’s spring water which takes 30 respondents, Mineral drinking water which also takes 26 respondents, and lastly the Aqua star water which also gets 6 respondents in Southern Christian College’s eating area. In total of 70 out of 100 respondents. The most demand water is the Nature’s spring water, followed by the Mineral drinking water, then the Absolute drinking water, and the last is the Aqua star.
The next demand drinking in SCC is no other than but soft drinks. There are a lot of soft drinks in Southern Christian College; including the Pepsi, Royal, Coke and 7 up. Pepsi takes 14 out of 100 respondents, Royal takes 2 respondents, Coke takes 12 respondents and then the 7 up takes 2 respondents. In total of 30 out of 100 respondents.
In general there are 100 respondents that taken from the Senior High school in Southern Christian College. 70 for water and 30 for soft drinks; in the total of 100 respondents. The most demand soft drinks in the Southern Christian College is the Pepsi, second is the Coke and followed by the Royal and 7 up which had had the same respondents taken.
Figure 2. Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents in terms of choices
This study determined the numbers of the students which and how many respondents that choose water and soft drinks as their drinks during lunch time in Southern Christian College, Midsayap, Cotabato in school year 2016-2017.
The result in terms of demographic profile of the respondents indicate that most of them preferred to drink water in an in a number of 70 respondents. The soft drinks takes only 30 of the respondents. In total of 100 respondents.
The findings shows that the factors why they choose water as their main drink is that it can make them relax, comfortable, become full and digest food easier as what the respondents answer in the survey given. On the other hand they some of the respondents choose soft drinks as their main drink is that the reasons is that it makes them comfortable, digest food easier, become full and relax based on the survey given to respondents
Water is the source of life. 70% of respondents choose water as their best drink during lunch time. Some of the respondents says that water makes them comfortable. On the other hand, there is still 30% of respondents in Senior High school department that prefer to drink soft drinks. As what the survey tells that soft drinks makes them feel comfortable, relax and digest food easier.
On the other hand, drinking a tall glass of water before each meal will help one lose weight and it also can be great habit to every students who are studying and it helps to improve healthy body and minds according to this research. Suddenly, the thirst of a person was been laying now to the soft drinks, which can cause more diseases instead of making them comfortable.
On the basis of the findings and conclusions of this study, the researchers recommend the following:
- To the future researchers with similar study, they must conduct it in bigger number of respondents.
- To the future researchers to conduct a qualitative study on the Preferred Pastime of Junior High School students.
- To the respondents they should be aware of the effects of soft drink to the human body and also if dehydrated.
By:Paula a nutritionist
Retrieved last January 30, 2017
Retrieved last January 30, 2017
By Wyatt Myers
Medically Reviewed by Niya Jones, MD, MPH